Does Penis Pumping Actually Improve your Erections?

Penis pumps are often marketed as tools to help improve your erection, increase your sexual performance, and even increase the size of your penis if used constantly. Today, we’re going to skip the latter two marketing ploys and focus on the first one: Does penis pumping actually help to improve your erections?

better-erectionHow do you get a better erection?

In order to learn how to improve your erection, it is important to know how you get an erection in the first place.

Erections are caused by blood flow being rerouted to the penis when the brain senses a source of arousal. This source can be physical (stimulation) or mental (fantasy), but the result is the same. Blood flows into the Corpora Cavernosa, creating the erection.

What is the Corpora Cavernosa? It is the scientific name for the chambers within the penis that fill with blood when the penis becomes aroused. The more blood that the penis can hold, the larger and harder your erection can become.

As such, the quality of an erection is limited by the capacity of the Corpora Cavernosa within the penis.

Can you improve your erections?

In theory, yes, you can improve your erections. If you can find a technique that allows you to expand the Corpora Cavernosa within the penis, this in turn would improve the strength and hardness of your erections.

This is where penis pumping comes in.

penis-pump-in-actionWhat is penis pumping?

Penis pumping is a technique that requires the use of a vacuum tube. This specially designed tube will fit around the base of the penis, entirely enclosing the member and creating an air-tight seal. By removing the air or creating a vacuum in a water filled chamber, depending on the type of pump you choose, you create a steady gentle suctioning action that pulls more blood into the penis.

In the short term, this helps to create a better single erection. When used on a regular basis, this can help to increase the size of the Corpora Cavernosa chambers. By increasing their capacity, you can over time see a permanent improvement in your erection.

What type of pump should I buy?

There are two main pump types on the market today: air and water assisted. Air assisted pumps work by suctioning the air out of an empty tube, while water assisted pumps use water pressure to create the same suctioning effect.

No matter what pump type you choose to use, it is important to invest in a high quality vacuum device. Low quality devices often have no safety measures to prevent you from over pumping. Over pumping can damage the penis tissues, creating soft spongy erections instead of the rock-hard ones that you’re striving for. These injuries are painful, and often require an embarrassing trip to the doctor for treatment.


If you’re not happy with the hardness of your erection, considering trying a high quality penis pump. When used regularly and according to the directions, you can over time see a permanent improvement in the quality if your erection, leading to a marked improvement in your overall sexual satisfaction as well.

How to Choose the Best Penis Pump

If you’ve decided to purchase a penis pump to improve your erections during sex, you may have begun your search online for the best penis pump for your needs.

But with so many on the market, it’s easy to become overwhelmed and confused by the sheer choice. Read on to discover the most important points to consider when purchasing a new male enhancement pump and which ones are recommended as the best choice for someone looking to see significant results from a good quality device.

Remember: Safety should always your number one priority!

best-penis-pumpBefore we discuss the other points to consider when looking for the best penis pump for your needs, it’s important to note that safety should always be your biggest concern.

The best penis pump is essentially the safest one, as you don’t want to put your health at risk or damage your penis in the process.

Water assisted penis pumps are safer to use than air assisted ones, however they are more expensive to purchase. But should this stop you? If you can afford to, it’s always best to choose a quality product that you know won’t be putting you at risk.

Your penis pump should be effective. You’re paying for results and want to see them.

What’s the point in spending money on a new penis pump if it doesn’t work? Anything you purchase should be effective in order to provide value for money and successful results.

penis-pumps-comparisonTherefore, it’s important to look for a penis pump that you know is going to be effective. This can be found by reading previous reviews at and ensuring you are buying from a reputable supplier.

You should be able to use your penis pump at home.

Many men are too self-conscious to go to the doctor and discuss the size of their penis or sexual performance, so it’s not surprising that many choose to take the DIY route.

There are plenty of products on the market today that can be safely used at home, but make sure the product you select is approved for safe at-home use.

Consider ordering HYDROMAX for both safe and effective results.

If you’re looking for a penis pump that’s not only effective but also medically tested and approve, HYDROMAX is a great choice.

They are currently the only manufacturer that offers a penis pump fully backed by medical professionals, giving you a sense of safety and quality on top of the enhanced penis you’ve always wanted.

Authentic HYDROMAX products can only be bought from the official website, so be sure to purchase the real deal directly rather than a potentially hazardous copy.

Why is a water based penis pump a better option than an air assisted pump?

Water based penis pumps are safer to use due to the fact the water prevents you from over pumping the penis, which can put you at risk of injury.

The water will also ensure an even suction and regulated vacuum along the shaft of the penis, giving you a fuller, stronger effect.

hard-erection-good-sexWhen a penis is pumped with air only, it may feel fake or spongy, however with water it will feel as if it really has grown to the desired size.

Plus, when you buy a water pump, you’re essentially getting both kinds in one, as it can be used without water too.

How do I use a HYDROMAX pump to my advantage?

When your new HYDROMAX arrives and it’s time to test it out, you should familiarise yourself with any manufacturer warnings, recommendations or instructions before use.

After reviewing the relevant information, you’re free to get started! It is recommended that you use the pump of any kind for a maximum of ten minutes, however this should be done once per day to achieve the best results.

It’s important to keep up a daily schedule and remember to use your pump even on the days you don’t plan on having sex. However, using the pump before sex is the optimal time as it will help you achieve a larger, harder erection.

By doing a little research into the best penis pumps on the market, including HYDROMAX, you’ll be able to develop a better understanding of what you’d like to accomplish through enhancement products and which ones will help you achieve your goals in the most optimal manner.

Whichever you choose in the end, be sure to stay safe and take care of your health. The result will be a healthy, bigger, harder erection that you won’t be able to wait to use in the bedroom!

How to help the Blood Flow to Stronger Erections

It’s only natural for men to want bigger, harder, and more frequent erections. Some men are lucky to never experience a drop in quality or quantity of erections until well in their 50’s, but for the rest of us, we are open ears for any ideas on how to retain the hardwood of our youth.

stronger-erectionAs more research is conducted on sexual health, we learn more ways about how our lifestyles affect body’s capabilities, including sexual performance. It may sound obvious, but a healthy heart is important for a healthy sex life. Not only does a strong heart keep physical endurance strong, allowing for longer rounds in the bedroom, but it also maintains a strong blood flow into a man’s favorite organ.

Let’s take a closer look at how fitness and cardio health can improve your erections.

Physiologically Harder

The science of sex and what happens to our bodies is a beautiful subject, one that is often traded for quick facts and basic tips. When you are having sex with your lover, your blood is pumping harder to reach those muscles that are working AND keeping your erection going. Blood also plays a huge role in keeping the pleasure high for you, distributing the chemicals and hormones that are responsible for physical and emotional pleasure.

Without a healthy cardiovascular system, you may experience ebbs and flows of pleasure, loss of erections, and an overall loss in energy, causing frustration by both parties. Even the process in which blood transfers the nutrients that fuel the rest of the body has an impact on your experience level while having sex.

Making it Happen

The key to improving your erections through healthy cardio lifestyle is to maintain a steady exercise schedule. You don’t need to be running marathons or hitting the gym for 40 hours a week to keep your dick hard. Just put in a good 20-30 minute jog every other day or an intense 1-2 hour session three times per week and you’ll be able to enjoy all the benefits from having a healthier heart.

This newfound energy and stamina will result in a compounding of extra libido, too. It increases your degree of arousal and the frequency, due to not only a boost in hormone activity, but also that extra boost of confidence from being able to put in the work for a much longer time.

penis-pumpingPumping things Up

If the above advice on improving your exercise regimen doesn’t sound like it can benefit you much, due to already being fairly active, you may be desperately looking for another answer. Those of us who have been inside any of the adult bookstores in town may have seen those “penis pumps” or extenders on the shelves. They can be expensive, so it’s not easy to just throw a bunch of money at something you’ve never seen or tried before.

The basic premise of the penis pump is a legitimate solution to getting bigger, harder, and longer erections. They do essentially give you a bigger penis, and when paired with a cock ring, you can go longer in the sack without the stress of ever losing your erection while changing positions and etc.

While the penis pumps don’t permanently solve the problem with bigger erections, they do apply the same idea of increasing blood flow into the penis and granting you more satisfying sex. They not only increase your performance, they also heighten the sensitivity for you. It’s best to ignore any erection products that make outlandish claims of gaining inches in length or girth.

better-sexPlaying it Safe

The supplements aren’t under strict regulations, so they can essential promise whatever they want. There are plenty of natural alternatives out there that actually do have success stories and won’t cause you any harm. Many supplements are essentially relying on the classic “placebo effect” that has you telling your brain that “this stuff works” and seeing results, whether they are based in reality or not.

Some men who find that their erection problems go beyond usual blood flow issues will resort to surgical solutions. This drastic decision is reserved for those who have actual biological defects that impedes the blood flow into the penis.

Penis Pumps Offered by X4 Labs

Anyone who does a little research into X4 Labs will instantly be able to tell that they’re a big player in the industry. Why? Because of their large, varied selection of high quality male enhancement pumps that are sure to suit the needs of any man looking to improve his confidence and sex life.

Penis pumps are a great choice for men looking to boost the size of their penis during sex. Whlie the results may not be permanent, they can certainly improve the size and shape of the penis and help to fight off erectile dysfunction, leading to a more enjoyable, stress-free experience.

There are four main types of penis pump available on the market today, all of which are currently available through X4 labs.

The Squeeze Ball Penis Pump

The most common type of penis pump on the market worldwide is the Squeeze Ball penis pump. It is named due to its similarity to a rubber squeeze ball. The pump is attached to an air valve which works in effect with the attached tubes in order to pump up the blood pressure in and around the penis and creating a vacuum.

plunger-pumpThe Plunger Penis Pump

A Plunger penis pump works in a similar fashion to a traditional bicycle tyre pump. As with other pumps, they create a vacuum that will help to improve blood flow to the penis, resulting in a harder penis that will stay erect for longer.

The Hand Grip (Trigger Squeeze) Penis Pump

The Hand Grip penis pump is known as one of the best penis pumping devices on the market and is therefore the most popular. It works just as any penis pump would, however it includes an attached hand grip which will ensure a better grip and increased pressure regulation, giving you a better experience and more control.

electric-penis-pumpThe Electric/Automatic Penis Pump

An electric penis pump contains all the essential elements of a manual pump, plus additional ease of use. Electric pumps are advanced devices that can provide fully-regulated suction and adjustable settings to create the perfect technique for your dick.

Plus, electric pumps can be used completely hands free, allowing you to relax and focus on stimulation and the sexual pleasure you’ll be able to enjoy with your stronger erection.

A Selection of Accessories

X4 Labs also offer a full range of penis enlargement and enhancement accessories that can be used in combination with your penis pump for an optimal experience.

You’ll find everything from Premature Ejaculation Spray to Lubricating Cream to Cleansing Pads specifically designed for cleaning your male enhancement equipment.

Knowing you can buy everything you’re looking for in one place with one transaction definitely makes your online shopping experience easier, so it’s a point worth considering when deciding where to purchase your penis enhancement products.

x4logoWhy X4 Labs?

X4 Labs aim to provide the highest quality service possible, which includes offering useful advice to their customers. Whether you’ve placed an order or are simply considering an X4 Labs pump, you’ll be able to take full advantage of the company’s 24-hour helpline and email support services.

Additionally, X4 Labs runs a YouTube channel that gives users a closer, more in depth the range of products on offer whilst showing exactly how to use them to achieve their optimal potential.

A company with this level of dedication to customer service is always a good choice, especially as their sales have proven to be reputable.

When buying from, you’re also guaranteed to be getting the genuine product and not a low quality imitation. is the only online licensed retailer of X4 Labs products. Don’t put your health at risk by choosing a cheap knockoff.

geat-sexFrom viewing the range of around 17 different penis pumps on offer, you’re certain to find one that’s suited to your penis shape and size as well as the budget you have in mind. A better sex life and bigger, harder erections need not be unattainable!

However, whichever type of Penis Pump you use, remember that it’s vital to keep using it on a regular basis to achieve better results each time.

Penis pumps are simple to use, are able to treat erectile dysfunction, are non-invasive and can be used in combination with other male enhancement products or treatments, so take a look at X4 Labs today. They may not be the very best or most luxurious product on the market, but they’re effective at achieving their purpose and helping you achieve your goals.

What Causes Women To Lose Their Sex Drive?

We all experience ups and downs in our sexual drives, due to stress, health, or other things that are going on in our lives. This is completely normal. Unfortunately, there are a few things that can cause people, women especially, to lose interest in sex and have their sex drive grind to an unsatisfying halt.

low-libido-in-womenWhat causes women to lose interest in sex?

We’ve collected a list of the most common reasons, and some ways that this loss of sexual desire can be avoided or averted.

  1. Low Testosterone. Yes, women can suffer from low testosterone too. Men and women both have varying levels of both estrogen and testosterone in their bodies. In women, the level of testosterone affects her sex drive. Most commonly, testosterone levels peak in a woman’s 20s and begin to steadily fall after that, vanishing almost entirely after she reaches menopause. In younger women, this can be diagnosed and treated by a doctor with carefully prescribed testosterone supplements.
  2. Relationship Problems. This is one of the most common causes for women losing their sex drives, though it doesn’t just refer to the relationship between the woman and her partner. It could also include relationships between the woman and her child/ren, or between her and a parent that needs to be cared for. These relationships can create an environment in which the woman in question loses her sexual desires.
  3. stress-problemsSociety and Stress. There are a great number of things in a woman’s life that can cause her to lose interest in sex. Stress from jobs or family is one of the major culprits, because it’s hard to enjoy sex if you’re worried about where that next mortgage payment is coming from, or whether or not you need to start looking for care facilities for an aging member of the family. Self-confidence and esteem issues also fall under this category, usually caused by trying to compare herself to the unrealistic media expectation of beauty. If you think you’re supposed to look like a Victoria’s Secret model before you can enjoy sex, it’s going to destroy your sex drive.
  4. Medical Issues. There are a number of medical issues that can affect a woman’s sex drive, too many to list here. Mental illnesses are often a common culprit though, such as depression and anxiety. Physical illnesses, such as endometriosis and fibroids, that center around the reproductive system can make sex painful or uncomfortable, leading to a drop in a woman’s sex drive. These issues tend to affect her both mentally and physically, making it almost impossible to enjoy sex.
  5. pillsMedications. Medications are often the most common culprit for lack of sex drive, because commonly prescribed medications, such as antidepressants or birth control pills, can and often do lower a woman’s sex drive. These will often be listed in the medication paperwork as minor side effects. In cases like this, it becomes a judgment call for the woman who is taking the medication: what is more important, my health or my sex drive. For many, health is the most important thing and they will willingly sacrifice sex in favor of a healthier outlook. This can have negative effects on her relationships though.
  6. Age. For women, with age comes menopause and a steady drop in their body’s hormone production. Both estrogen and testosterone production drop off, leaving her with less desire for sex. Sex after menopause can also become extremely uncomfortable if not handled correctly, because the drop in hormones also causes the woman to stop producing natural vaginal lubrication, so without using some form of lube, sex can be uncomfortable or downright painful, which often leads women to avoid it entirely. This latter issue can be treated with vaginal estrogen creams prescribed by a doctor.

good-sex-driveSex drive and overall sexual health is a subject that has to be approached delicately, because it can be a sensitive topic for women who, sometimes overnight, went from enjoying sex to dreading it. For men, it is often as simple as a plumbing problem, but for women it may be a much more emotional issue that has to be handled with care.

There are also not nearly as many studies done where women’s sexual health is concerned. In the 90s, nearly 5,000 studies were conducted about men’s sexual health. Less than 2,000 were conducted about the same subject for women.

Medical professionals are making great strides toward new and effective treatments for women who are suffering from a lack of sexual desire, but for now it has to be addressed on an individual case-by-case basis.

Is There A Relationship Between Anal Sex and Penis Size?

Anal sex is often a taboo subject for women looking to experiment in the bedroom. They are often afraid that it will hurt, that it will cause physical damage, or that like having too much vaginal sex, it can cause your anus to be stretched out. Here, we’ve collected and debunked a few myths about anal sex, penis size, and the relationship between the two.

Myth 1: 5 Inches = Small Penis.

This is one of the most common myths that have to be debunked. Between 5-7 inches is actually considered average. A study done early in 2015 concluded that after measuring the flaccid and erect penis lengths of over 15,000 men around the world, the average penis length is actually closer to 5.16 inches when erect. Only about 2.28% of the population has what would be considered an ‘abnormally small’ penis, and on the other end of the spectrum, only about 2% of the population has an abnormally large one.

no-anal-sexMyth 2: Anal Sex Always Hurts.

This is one myth that should be debunked as often and as loudly as possible. As with any other sexual technique, if it hurts, you’re doing it wrong and you could be causing a great amount of physical harm if you continue trying to push through the pain.’ Anal sex can be enjoyed without pain by adding two things: ample lubrication and clitoral stimulation.

Unlike the vagina, the anus does not produce its own natural lubrication. If you’ve ever had an Indian Burn as a child (where someone rubs the skin of your forearm until it’s red and irritated) then you know how painful unlubricated anal sex can be. If you’ve got time for cleanup afterward, consider investing in a good quality silicone based lubricant, because it doesn’t dry out as fast as its water-based counterpart. (Note: If you’re using toys in your anal play, only use water-based lubricants. Silicone based lubricants can damage some toys, making them dangerous to use.)

Adding clitoral stimulation can also help make anal sex easier and more enjoyable, because it encourages the woman to relax.

penis-sizeMyth 3: Bigger is Always Better

Bigger is most definitely not always better when it comes to anal sex, no matter what your favorite porn star may portray on the screen. In fact, average sized penises (refer to Myth 1) are actually better for anal sex.

There have been no studies done on this subject, but there are plenty of forms in which people have discussed this vary topic. While it is always going to be a matter of personal preference, the general consensus is that an average or small sized penis with a thinner girth is ideal for anal sex. It all depends on what your partner likes.

Myth 4: Don’t Mind the Speed Limit

Again, this is one of those myths where you should take everything you’ve ever seen in your favorite porn and throw it out the window. Anal sex, especially the first few times, will take patience while you and your partner figure out what works for you, and how to complete the act without damaging either one of you.

Some things you could try to help make your first anal sex encounter easier include:

  • Communicate! Make sure you keep an open line of dialog between you and your partner, so you know what is enjoyable and what hurts and can adjust accordingly.
  • Take it slow. Even if that means moving a half-centimeter at a time, do whatever it takes to make sure that anal sex isn’t painful.
  • Don’t forget the lube. We’ve mentioned this before, but it is important enough to be mentioned again. No lube = painful anal sex. Painful sex is not going to make her want to try it more than once.
  • Use condoms. Lubricated condoms can actually make anal sex more comfortable. That doesn’t mean you should neglect the lube. Condoms should be use in addition to the lube of your choice. And speaking of lube…
  • USE PLAIN LUBE! Don’t try to get fancy by picking up one of those lubes that creates heating or cooling sensations or something like that. Plain old unscented lube is best for anal sex. What might feel good for vaginal sex (i.e. KY Yours and Mine or other similar products) will probably not feel good for anal sex.


Anal sex is a great way to spice things up in the bedroom, and is often more enjoyable for men who have average or smaller than average penises.

Erectile Dysfunction and Bath Mate Exercises

No one likes admitting that they’re having issues with erectile dysfunction. It’s an awkward conversation to have with a partner or a doctor, so it’s often easier to buy over the counter male enhancement pills or fall into whatever the latest fad is in search of an effective treatment. The Bath Mate water pump is a great tool for treating erectile dysfunction and improving your overall sexual satisfaction.

Erectile-DysfunctionWhat is Erectile Dysfunction? Can you treat it at home?

Erectile dysfunction is defined as ‘the inability to maintain an erection sufficient for satisfying sexual activity.’ When most people hear those two words, they immediate think of the late night infomercials for pills like Viagra or Cialis, both of which require a doctor’s appointment and a prescription to obtain.

Some say that by using a high quality penis pump on a daily basis, you may be able to improve your erection and that this technique can even be used to treat erectile dysfunction without the need for prescription medications. The best way to achieve these ends is to use the Bath Mate water-assisted pump.

water-assisted-pumpWhy water-assisted pumps?

For an inexperienced user, water-assisted penis pumps are often the safest and most effective tools. Because the vacuum tube is filled with water, there is no danger of over pumping, which could potentially damage the penis. The water also helps distribute the suction evenly over the entire shaft of the penis, ensuring the best results.

Why Bath Mate?

Bath Mate is, without a doubt, the best and most effective water assisted pump in the UK market today. It is designed to provide the best results in the safest manner possible, and also offers a variety of sizes and accessories to cater to every penis size and shape imaginable.

The only other water assisted pump is offered by Penomet, but it costs more for inferior quality.

Bath-Mate-resultsHow do Bath Mate exercises work?

Bath Mate pumps are designed to help you get the best results without taking too much time out of your day. Simply use the pump for 15-30 minutes every single day, while taking your daily bath or shower. For best results, use the pump exercises 5 days a week.

We recommend that no matter you previous experience with vacuum-assisted pumps, you start with the lowest suction level possible and gradually increase the amount of suction each week as you progress.

By using the pump 5 days a week, not only are you improving the capacity of the Corpora Cavernosa (the chambers that hold the blood in your penis during an erection), but you are training your body to send more blood to your penis during an erection. This will, over time, help to create a harder, stronger and more powerful erection that will also have a positive effect on your overall sexual satisfaction.


By investing in a Bath Mate water-assisted pump, you are making sure that you are going to achieve the best results by employing the highest quality tool on the market.

Lasting Longer in Bed and Keeping your Woman Satisfied

sexual-satisfactionMen and women can have vastly different experiences in the bedroom if either partner is only about reaching their own climax, rather than making sure both of you get there. Unfortunately, this problem lies mostly on the man, as it is just biologically simpler to reach orgasm. This puts men under pressure in society to not be that “two-pump chump” that gets laughed at in the movies. How you prevent yourself from orgasming before she does is part art and part psychology.

The go-to technique, of course is to just bombard your mind with unsexual thoughts and imagery, like sports scenery, your wrinkly old boss, or just staring off into a corner of the room. This distraction technique can definitely work, but it’s merely a temporary solution that only makes you extend the inevitable, rather than focusing on making sure your partner is pleased. Here are some better tips to keep you going and make your partner get there too.

Variations in Strokes

If your sex game just involves giving it to her as hard and strong as possible before you tap out and if she doesn’t cum before you, then “oh well”—you need to step it up. All great lovers have a mix of strokes that keep them from climaxing too early, while delivering the best combination of short, deep, fast, slow, and hard strokes to give her maximum variety.

Sure, some women prefer it hard and fast when they can get it, but that doesn’t mean they won’t enjoy a longer session that is setup to insure they reach the top of their climax every time.

be-a-sexy-manThe art of the Tease

A highly underrated aspect of having sex is creating a build-up of lust that can improve any man’s sex life, no matter how poor they think they are in the sack.

You know what it’s like to have a girl present herself in the most ridiculously sexy dress, seduce you with her eyes, lips, and body language, and drive you mad with dirty talk leading up to the end of the night. Some women have that power to make any man cum almost instantly.

Well, men can have that same effect on women, even if they’re not Brad Pitt.

It’s all about confidence and the art of teasing her all the way into the bedroom and keeping it going until she begs you to send her over the edge.

sexual-staminaTrain Yourself

The best way to get better at something is through practice, right?

Well, when it comes to sex, you are best off masturbating in between sessions to practice your stamina. It might sound dumb to the average guy out there, but challenging yourself to last longer during your own jack off sessions is a way to create a habit out of staying hard longer and preventing yourself from orgasming until you are ready.

Of course, it sounds easier than it is in practice. You are used to simply getting yourself to climax as fast as possible because porn viewing is always something that is difficult to do without chance of interruption for most people. When you have the opportunity to have a long, interrupted masturbation session, use this to bring yourself to the edge of climax and just stop there and keep going again for as many times as you can, you will see an improvement in stamina and better orgasms for both you and your partner.

Hidden Muscles

When you orgasm, both male and female, lots of muscles are working in unison to pump those feel-good erogenous zones full of blood, and to pump ejaculate out. The most central muscles to controlling this pumping action during orgasm are dubbed the “PC muscles” which men can identify by stopping and starting the flow of urine. You typically don’t think that you are actually using a muscle to do that. Like all muscles, you can strengthen it, and in this case, the muscle has a direct impact on the arousal and the blood flow to the penis. Just by flexing it daily, try for 10-20 times in a row, will improve your quality of erections, allowing for you to go longer in the bedroom and be more in-tune with yourself.

Male Enhancement Supplements

If you’ve tried everything in the book and just can’t take the inconsistency of lovemaking sessions anymore, there’s no shame in trying out the blue magic pill. It will not only make you harder, keep you harder, but it will give you more confidence and more time before you reach orgasm. Even after you orgasm, it enables most men to keep going, increasing the arousal of their women greatly until they reach their big “O”.